Fill in the gaps with the appropriate words or word combinations.

1.In pronouncing a syllable the energy of articulation a)… within the range of b)… consonants until it reaches its climax – the most energetically articulated phoneme which is usually a c)… . It is called the d)…of e)… . One or more f)… consonants pronounced with g)… force may follow the h)… phoneme. The weakest point of articulation is called the i)… of j)… . It corresponds to the point of k)… … . The l)… properties of the syllable such as m)…, n)… and o)… increase and decrease with the tension of articulation.

Choose the correct variant.

1.The muscular tension theory of syllable formation was put forward by:

a)Shcherba;

b)Stetson;

c)Zhinkin.

2.Which theory of syllable formation was proved by Stetson with the help of the instrumental technique?

a)the muscular tension theory;

b)the loudness theory;

c)the expiratory theory.

3.Which type of consonant begins a syllable?

a)finally strong;

b)finally weak;

c)geminate.

4.A syllable which begins in a consonant and ends in a vowel is called:

a)initially covered;

b)uncovered and open;

c)uncovered and closed.

5.According to the breath-puff theory of syllable formation:

a)there are as many syllables in a word as there are expiration pulses;

b)there are as many syllables in a word as there are arcs of loudness;

c)there are as many syllables in a word as there are peaks of prominence according to the scale of sonority.

6.Which theory of syllable formation states that the energy of articulation increases within the range of prevocalic consonants and decreases within the range of postvocalic consonants?

a)expiratory theory;

b)muscular tension theory;

c)relative sonority theory.

7.The peak of the syllable is:

a)the boundary between two syllables;

b)the most energetically articulated phoneme;

c)the arc of loudness.

TOPIC 2

The Accentual Structure of English

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